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COPYRIGHT DURATION

DATE OF WORK

PROTECTION BEGINS

DURATION

Created 1/1/78 & after

On date of fixation in tangible form

General Rule: Life of author + 70 years

Joint Works: Life of last surviving author + 70 years

Works For Hire, Anonymous & Pseudonymous Works: 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever is shorter

Created before 1978, but published between 1/1/78 & 12/31/2002

Upon creation under common law; 1/1/78 under 1976 Copyright Act

Life of author + 70 years or 12/31/2047, whichever is longer

Created before 1978, but not published

Upon creation under common law; 1/1/78 under 1976 Copyright Act

Life of author + 70 years or 12/31/2002, whichever is longer

Published from 1964 to 1977

Upon publication with copyright notice (if published without notice, may be in public domain)

28 year initial term + 67 year automatic renewal term

Published from 1923 to 1963

Upon publication with copyright notice (if published without notice, may be in public domain)

28 year initial term + 67 year renewal term (if renewal registration filed during 28th year of initial term)

Published before 1923

In public domain

Expired

This table summarizes the rules under United States copyright law for determining the duration or "term" of copyright protection. The table is contained in chapter 8 of Music Copyright For The New Millennium which also contains more detailed information on copyright duration.

 

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